4S/EASST Conference “Design and Displacement – Social Studies of Science and Technology”, Outubro 2012
October 17-20, 2012, Copenhagen Business School, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
Joint conference between the Society for Social Studies of Science (4S) and European Association for Science and Technology Studies (EASST).
Conference theme: “Design and Displacement – Social Studies of Science and Technology”
Comunicações de membros do GrEAT:
- Complex working environments and the human-robot interaction: challenges for the design of work organisation.
António Brandão Moniz, Universidade Nova de Lisboa and Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
The technologically dense environments (TDE) applied to our approach refers to settings in which human actors/robot operators and technological artifacts (robots) work ‘together’ and where working and organizing are inextricably linked to the use of these technologies. That is the case of complex working environments using intelligent robots in manufacturing industry, from where several examples will be discussed in our paper. Such integrated systems reveal new challenges for the design of work, organisations and also technologies. There is an aim to develop advanced manufacturing systems in which safety play a central role. This has been underlined by international technology
platforms as well by major robot manufacturers. However, organizational models that are able to achieve flexibility under complex frameworks are those that must include advanced automated systems with well-designed work places. Such design is also including concepts as responsibility, decision making, situation awareness and risk assessment. And such concepts must be used also by the direct operators of such systems, which imply
an adequate level of competence and skills. This implies that TDE should be designed integrating the elements of humantechnology interaction framework, and not only the technology features and capacities. This same type of problems are also being transferred to other sectors where robotic systems are also applied, as at the medical field (chirurgical and radiology equipment), mining and underwater monitoring and heavy-duty, agriculture and forestry, among others. The discussion of outcomes will be based on empirical evidences and on the qualitative research approach that we undertook recently.
- Technology decision making processes and innovation indicators.
Nuno Boavida, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) – Institute for Technology Assessment and System Analysis (ITAS)
The present work deals with the use of innovation indicators in the decision-making process. It intends to contribute to the discussion on the construction, use and analysis of indicator systems and also to evaluate its weight on decision-making in innovation. The goal is to help understand how innovation indicators can influence technology policy and through it, society at large. This work will start by analysing the use of indicators (their problems and consistency) and other sources of information that contribute to build the opinions of innovation decision makers. This will be followed by a survey and interviews with main innovation actors. The results will shed light on the impact of the use of indicators by the innovation community – both in terms of technology policy and in the social sphere. Proposals and implications for the future will be advanced, hopefully adding new contributions to the governance
of the science, technology and innovation field.